Bugs (like mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas) can spread a number of diseases. You can reduce your risk by taking steps to prevent bug bites.

How to prevent bites?

Cover exposed skin: Wear long-sleeved shirts, long trousers and hats.

Use an appropriate insect repellent (see below).

Use permethrin-treated clothing and gear (such as boots, pants, socks, and tents). Do not use permethrin directly on skin.

Stay and sleep in air-conditioned or screened rooms.

Use a bed net if the area where you are sleeping is exposed to the outdoors.

What Insect Repellent?

FOR PROTECTION AGAINST TICKS AND MOSQUITOES: Use a repellent that contains 20% or more DEET for protection that lasts up to several hours.

FOR PROTECTION AGAINST MOSQUITOES ONLY: Products with one of the following active ingredients can also help prevent mosquito bites. Higher percentages of active ingredient provide longer protection.

  • DEET
  • Picaridin (also known as KBR 3023, Bayrepel, and icaridin)
  • Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or PMD
  • IR3535

Always use insect repellent as directed.

What to do if Bitten?

Avoid scratching bug bites and apply hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion to reduce the itching.

Check your entire body for ticks after outdoor activity. Be sure to remove ticks properly.